The therapist - client relationship is confidential. Family, parents, adult children, or work places are not entitled to information about the client, even if they are paying for the sessions. An exemption to this is if I receive information that suggests that a client or others are at risk of harm. While I am able to break confidentiality in order to take appropriate action in these circumstances, I would endeavour to speak with the client first. Health professionals can also share information about their mutual client (e.g. talking to a GP or psychiatrist), but again I would attempt to speak to the client prior to this. For more information on confidentiality in healthcare you can look at the Health Privacy Toolkit.

I work in accordance with the Code of Ethics for psychologists working in Aotearoa/New Zealand. For more information on the governance on psychologists in New Zealand please see the New Zealand Psychologists Board.


I take handwritten notes during sessions. These are stored electronically for 10 years in accordance with the Health (Retention of Health Information) Regulations 1996. Clients are welcome to access their records on request.